CARLO COLLODI Biography - Writers


Biography » writers » carlo collodi


Name:Carlo Lorenzini                                                                     
Born: 24 November 1826                                                                   
Died 26 October 1890 (aged 63)                                                           
During the Wars of Independence in 1848 and 1860 Collodi served as a volunteer           
with the Tuscan army. His active interest in political matters may be seen in             
his earliest literary works as well as in the founding of the satirical                   
newspaper Il Lampione. This newspaper was censored by order of the Grand Duke of         
Tuscany in 1849 but re-emerged in May 1860.                                               
Lorenzini had won fame as early as 1856 with his novel In vapore and had also             
begun intense activity on other political newspapers such as Il Fanfulla; at the         
same time he was employed by the Censorship Commission for the Theatre. During           
this period he composed various satirical sketches and stories (sometimes simply         
by collating earlier articles), including Macchiette (1880), Occhi e nasi (1881),         
Storie allegre (1887).                                                                   
In 1875 he entered the domain of children's literature with Racconti delle fate,         
a translation of French fairy tales by Perrault. In 1876 Lorenzini wrote                 
Giannettino (inspired by Alessandro Luigi Parravicini's Giannetto), the                   
Minuzzolo, and Il viaggio per l'Italia di Giannettino, a series which explored           
the re-unification of Italy through the ironic thoughts and actions of the               
character Giannettino.                                                                   
Lorenzini died unaware of the fame and popularity that awaited his work; as in           
the allegory of the story, Pinocchio eventually went on to lead his own                   
independent life, distinct from that of the author. It has been said that this           
was one of the inspiring themes of Luigi Pirandello's Sei personaggi in cerca d'autore