KING SOLOMON Biography - Religious Figures & Icons


Biography » religious figures icons » king solomon


Name: Solomon                                                                                   
Born: c. 1000 BC Israel                                                                         
Died: 931 BC Jerusalem , United Kingdom of Israel                                               
King Solomon is a figure described in Middle Eastern scriptures as a wise ruler of an empire     
centred on the united Kingdom of Israel. He was born in Jerusalem about 1000 BC                 
and reigned over Israel from 971 BC to 931 BC.                                                   
The Hebrew Bible accounts identify Solomon as the son of David. He is also                       
called Jedidiah in the Tanakh (Old Testament), and is described as the third                     
king of the United Monarchy, and the final king before the northern Kingdom of                   
Israel and the southern Kingdom of Judah split; following the split his                         
patrilineal descendants ruled over Judah alone.                                                 
The Bible accredits Solomon as the builder of the First Temple in Jerusalem,                     
and portrays him as great in wisdom, wealth, and power. Solomon is the subject                   
of many other later references and legends.                                                     
Historical evidence of King Solomon, independent of the biblical accounts, is                   
scarce. The period of his rule was a period recognised as a "Dark Age" - a                       
period in which centralised Empires of the Late Bronze Age had collapsed, and                   
the new Iron Age monarchies had yet to grow. Archaeological excavations at Hazor,               
Megiddo and Gezer have uncovered structures that some attributed to the reign of                 
Solomon based on Biblical accounts, but these structures are now generally dated                 
to the Omride period, more than a century after Solomon's reign. Excavations on                 
such sites are ongoing. So far nothing indisputably of Solomon's reign has                       
yet been found.                                                                                 
The association of Solomon with the city of Jerusalem may have preceded this                     
period. The name Jerusalem, attested since the time of Ebla, 2350 BC, by some                   
etymologies means "The City of Solomon". The Ugaritic                                           
texts refer to "Shalim and Shachar" as two beneficent Gods, sons of El and                       
Asherah, divine figures of the sunset and sunrise respectively. They were                       
associated with two mountains that were located on the Eastern and Western rim                   
of the world, respectively.