NIM CHIMPSKY Biography - Famous Scientists


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Name: Nim Chimpsky                                                                 
Born: November 19, 1973                                                           
Died: March 10, 2000                                                               
Nim Chimpsky (November 19, 1973 - March 10, 2000) was a chimpanzee who was the   
subject of an extended study of animal language acquisition (codenamed 6.001) at 
Columbia University, led by Herbert S. Terrace.                                   
The validity of the study is the subject of dispute, as Terrace argued that all   
ape-language studies, including Project Nim, were based on misinformation--from   
the chimps. Roger Fouts did a similar study known as Project Washoe, in which     
the chimpanzee was also raised like a human child. Washoe was given affection     
and participated in everyday social activity with her family. Her ability to     
communicate was not far more developed than Nim's. Nim lived 24 hrs a day with   
his human family from birth; Washoe had spent her first 10 months in a research   
lab prior to being moved to a language study. But both chimps could use sign     
language to make themselves understood.