ELWOOD HAYNES Biography - Pioneers, Explorers & inventors


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Elwood Haynes (1857 - 1925) was an American inventor, metallurgist, and               
automotive pioneer.                                                                   
He built his first car in Kokomo, Indiana. On July 4, 1894, it made a successful       
trial trip at a speed of about 7 mph. That car was given to the Smithsonian           
Institution in Washington, D.C. in 1910. As Haynes started to build that first         
car he went to a local blacksmith to help him. The blacksmith agreed to help           
with that first car. In 1894, Haynes joined with brothers Elmer and Edgar             
Apperson to build one of the earliest automobiles in the United States. His           
automobile company produced vehicles until the 1920s.                                 
Haynes received patents on two alloys: stainless steel and stellite. He founded       
the Haynes Stellite Company in 1912 Kokomo, Indiana which was bought by Union         
Carbide in 1920. After a series of various owners and now called Haynes               
International, it is again an independent company.                                     
Haynes was an avid supporter of prohibition. In 1916, he ran for the US Senate         
on the prohibition ticket.                                                             
Haynes is the namesake for a World War II Liberty Ship, the SS Elwood Haynes.