SHI HUANGDI Biography - Royalty, Rulers & leaders


Biography » royalty rulers leaders » shi huangdi


Name: Qin Shi Huang                                                                                   
Born: 259 BCE                                                                                         
Died: 10 September 210 BCE                                                                             
The monarch known now as Qin Shi Huang (259 BCE - September 10, 210 BCE), personal                     
name Yíng Zhèng, was king of the Chinese State of Qin from 247 BCE to 221 BCE (officially           
still under the Zhou Dynasty), and then the first emperor of a unified China                           
from 221 BCE to 210 BCE, ruling under the name the First Emperor. As the ruler of the Great Qin,       
he was known for the introduction of Legalism and also for unifying China.                             
Qin Shi Huang remains a controversial figure in Chinese history. Having unified                       
China, he and his chief adviser Li Si passed a series of major reforms aimed at                       
cementing unification, and they undertook some gigantic projects, most notably                         
the precursor version of the current Great Wall of China, a city-sized mausoleum                       
guarded by a life-sized Terracotta Army, and a massive national road system, at                       
the expense of numerous human lives. To ensure stability, he outlawed                                 
Confucianism and buried many of its scholars alive, banning and burning all                           
books other than those officially decreed.                                                             
For all the tyranny of his autocratic rule, Qin Shi Huang is still regarded by                         
many today as a pivotal figure in Chinese history whose unification of China has                       
endured for more than two millennia.