SHERLOCK HOLMES Biography - Fictional, Iconical & Mythological characters


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Name: Sherlock Holmes                                                             
Sherlock Holmes is a famous fictional detective of the late 19th and early 20th   
centuries, who first appeared in publication in 1887. He is the creation of       
Scottish author and physician Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. A brilliant London-based     
detective, Holmes is famous for his intellectual prowess, and is renowned for     
his skilful use of "deductive reasoning" while using abductive reasoning (inference
to the best explanation) and astute observation to solve difficult cases.         
Conan Doyle wrote four novels and fifty-six short stories that featured Holmes.   
All but four stories are narrated by Holmes' friend and biographer, Dr. John H.   
Watson; two are narrated by Holmes himself, and two others are written in the     
third person. The first two stories, short novels, appeared in Beeton's           
Christmas Annual for 1887 and Lippincott's Monthly Magazine in 1890. The           
character grew tremendously in popularity with the beginning of the first series   
of short stories in The Strand Magazine in 1891; further series of short stories   
and two serialised novels appeared almost right up to Conan Doyle's death in       
1930. The stories cover a period from around 1878 up to 1903, with a final case   
in 1914.