MARCUS GARVEY Biography - Polititians


Biography » polititians » marcus garvey


Name: Marcus Mosiah Garvey, Jr.                                                       
Born: 17 August 1887 Saint Ann Parish, Jamaica                                       
Died: 10 June 1940 London, England                                                   
Marcus Mosiah Garvey, Jr., National Hero of Jamaica (August 17, 1887–June 10,       
1940), was a publisher, journalist, entrepreneur, Black nationalist, orator,         
and founder of the Universal Negro Improvement Association and African               
Communities League (UNIA-ACL).                                                       
Prior to the twentieth century, leaders such as Prince Hall, Martin Delaney,         
Edward Wilmot Blyden, and Henry Highland Garnet advocated the involvement of the     
African diaspora in African affairs. Garvey was unique in advancing a Pan-African     
philosophy to inspire a global mass movement focusing on Africa known as             
Garveyism. Promoted by the UNIA as a movement of African Redemption,                 
Garveyism would eventually inspire others, ranging from the Nation of Islam, to       
the Rastafari movement (which proclaims Garvey to be a prophet). The intention       
of the movement was for those of African ancestry to "redeem" Africa and for the     
European colonial powers to leave it. His essential ideas about Africa were           
stated in an editorial in the Negro World entitled "African Fundamentalism"           
where he wrote:                                                                       
Our union must know no clime boundary or nationality...let us hold together           
under all climes and in every country...