STEPHEN HAWKING Biography - Famous Scientists


Biography » famous scientists » stephen hawking


Name: Stephen William Hawking                                                       
Born: 8 January 1942 Oxford, England                                               
Stephen William Hawking (born 8 January 1942) is a British                         
theoretical physicist. Hawking is the Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at the     
University of Cambridge, and a Fellow of Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge.     
He is known for his contributions to the fields of cosmology and quantum gravity,   
especially in the context of black holes, and his popular works in which he         
discusses his own theories and cosmology in general. These include the runaway     
popular science bestseller A Brief History of Time, which stayed on the British     
Sunday Times bestseller list for a record-breaking 237 weeks.                       
His key scientific works to date have included providing, with Roger Penrose,       
theorems regarding singularities in the framework of general relativity, and the   
theoretical prediction that black holes should emit radiation, which is today       
known as Hawking radiation, or sometimes as Bekenstein-Hawking radiation His       
scientific career spans more than 40 years and his books and public appearances     
have made him an academic celebrity and world-renowned theoretical physicist. He   
is an Honorary Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts. Hawking is disabled by         
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), commonly known in the United States as Lou     
Gehrig's Disease. The illness has progressed over the years and he is now almost   
completely paralysed.