BUCEPHALUS Biography - Craftmen, artisans and people from other Occupations


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Name: Bucephalus                                                                 
Plutarch tells us the story of wondrous horse, Bucephalus, the horse that       
Alexander the Great rode for thousands of miles and through many battles to     
create his mighty empire.                                                       
The legend begins with Philoneicus, a Thessalian bringing a wild horse to Philip 
II, the father of Alexander the Great. Philip was angry at Phinoneicus for       
bringing such an unstable horse to him but Alexander had watched Bucephalus and 
set his father, Philip, a challenge. Although Alexander was only 12 years old he 
had noticed that Bucephalus was shying away from his own shadow. Alexander       
gently led Bucephalus into the sun so that his shadow was behind him. Eventually 
Bucephalus allowed Alexander to ride him, much to the public humiliation of     
Philip. Philip gained face by commenting "Look thee out a kingdom equal to and   
worthy of thyself, for Macedonia is too little for thee". Alexander named the   
horse Bucephalus because the horse's head seemed "as broad as a bulls".         
Bucephalus, the mighty stallion, died of battle wounds in 326B.C in Alexander's 
last battle. Alexander founded the city of Bucephala (thought to be the modern   
town of Jhelum, Pakistan) in memory of his wonderful horse.                     
Like his hero and ancestor Achillis, Alexander viewed his horses as "known to   
excel all others-for they are immortal. Poseiden gave them to my father Peleus, 
who in his turn gave them to myself"