GEORGE CADBURY Biography - Bussiness people and enterpreneurs


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George Cadbury was born at Edgbaston, Birmingham, on 19     
September 1839 , the son of John Cadbury, tea and coffee   
merchant in Bull Street, who also made and sold cocoa       
and chocolate.                                             
In 1861 he and his brother, Richard, took over the         
management of the cocoa factory, but his main interest     
lay in social reform, particularly in supplying decent     
housing for the ordinary working man. To forward this he   
was elected to Birmingham Town Council in 1877 and threw   
himself wholeheartedly into municipal reform begun by       
Joseph Chamberlain.                                         
George resolved to remove his cocoa works from the         
crowded streets of Birmingham into the country as this     
would make for happier and healthier lives for his         
employees. This was achieved in 1879, when the works       
moved to Bournville.                                       
In 1895, George began the greatest experiment of his       
life - the Bournville Building Estate - which, by 1900,     
was to grow into the Bournville Village Trust. He bought   
120 acres of land next to the factory site and houses       
were designed to fit in with the surroundings with a       
generous provision for gardens and open space.             
He was a faithful member of the Society of Friends and     
he did them good service, notably in the establishment     
of a settlement at Woodbrooke, Selly Oak, his old family   
home. George Cadbury died at his home, Manor House,         
Northfield, on 24 October, 1922 and was cremated at the     
crematorium, Perry Barr.