DANIEL DREW Biography - Bussiness people and enterpreneurs


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Name: Daniel Drew                                                                     
Born: 29 July 1797 Carmel, New York                                                   
Died: 18 September 1879                                                               
Daniel Drew (July 29, 1797 - September 18, 1879) was an American financier. He       
was born in Carmel, New York.                                                         
Drew was poorly educated. His father died when Daniel was fifteen years old, and     
Drew enlisted and drilled but, because he enlisted too late, never fought in the     
War of 1812. After the war, he started a successful cattle-driving business. In       
1834, he entered the steamship business, competing unsuccessfully with Cornelius     
Vanderbilt but running numerous profitable lines outside of New York.                 
He founded the brokerage firm of Drew, Robinson & Company in 1844, which             
dissolved a decade later with the deaths of his partners. He continued to work       
in the brokerage business as an independent operator. Drew is popularly credited     
with introducing the term "watered stock" to the New York financial district, to     
describe company shares whose price has been temporarily manipulated upward; the     
term supposedly came from his time in the cattle business, when he would have         
his cattle drink water before selling them, to temporarily increase their weight.     
In 1857, Drew became a member of the board of directors of the Erie Railroad and     
used his position to manipulate the firm's stock price.                               
In 1864, Drew once again struggled with Vanderbilt, speculating on the stock of       
the Harlem Railroad. Drew was selling the stock short, but Vanderbilt and his         
associates bought every share he sold, ultimately causing the stock price to         
rise from 90 to 285 in five months. Drew lost $500,000.                               
In 1866-1868, Drew engaged in the Erie War, in which Drew conspired along with       
James Fisk (financier) and Jay Gould to issue fraudulent stock to keep               
Vanderbilt from gaining control of the Erie Railroad. Vanderbilt sustained heavy     
losses and conceded control of the railroad to the trio.                             
In 1870, Fisk and Gould betrayed Drew, manipulating the stock price of the Erie       
Railroad and causing him to lose $1.5 million. The Panic of 1873 cost him still       
more, and by 1876, Drew filed for bankruptcy, with debts exceeding a million         
dollars and no viable assets. He died in 1879, dependent on his son for support.     
Drew, a devout Methodist, built churches in Carmel and Brewster, New York,           
contributed to the founding of Drew Theological Seminary in Madison, New Jersey,     
which is now part of Drew University, and Drew Seminary for Young Ladies in his       
home town of Carmel.