JESSE JAMES Biography - Socialites, celebrities and People in the fashion industry


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Name: Jesse Woodson James                                                             
Born: 5 September 1847 Clay County, Missouri, USA                                     
Died: 3 April 1882 St. Joseph, Missouri, USA                                         
Jesse Woodson James (September 5, 1847 – April 3, 1882) was an American outlaw     
and the most famous member of the James-Younger Gang. After his death, he became     
a legendary figure of the Wild West.                                                 
Jesse Woodson James was born in Clay County, Missouri, near the site of present       
day Kearney. His father, Robert James, was a commercial hemp farmer and Baptist       
minister from Kentucky who helped found William Jewell College in Liberty,           
Missouri (hemp was the raw material for rope, and a major crop in the Missouri       
River valley). Robert James traveled to California during the Gold Rush and           
died there when Jesse was three years old. After Robert's death, Jesse's mother       
Zerelda remarried, first to Benjamin Simms, and then to a doctor named Reuben         
Samuel. After their marriage in 1855, Samuel moved into the James home. Jesse         
had two full siblings: his older brother, Alexander Franklin "Frank" James, and       
a younger sister, Susan Lavenia James. In addition, Reuben and Zerelda               
eventually had four children: Sarah Louisa Samuel (sometimes Sarah Ellen), John       
Thomas Samuel, Fannie Quantrell Samuel, and Archie Peyton Samuel.                     
The approach of the American Civil War overshadowed the James-Samuel household.       
Missouri was a border state between the North and South, but Clay County lay in       
a region of Missouri later dubbed "Little Dixie," where slaveholding and             
Southern identity were stronger than in other areas. Robert James owned six           
slaves; after his death, Zerelda and Reuben Samuel acquired a total of seven         
slaves who raised tobacco on the farm. Clay County became the scene of great         
turmoil after the passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act in 1854, when the question       
of whether slavery would be expanded into the neighboring Kansas Territory           
dominated public life. Much of the tension that led up to the American Civil War     
centered on the violence that erupted in nearby Kansas between pro- and anti-slavery