TECUMSEH Biography - Royalty, Rulers & leaders


Biography » royalty rulers leaders » tecumseh


Tecumseh (1768-1815)                                                                     
BORN: (March?) 1768                                                                     
COMMUNITY AFFILIATIONS: Old Piqua, (Greene County)                                       
OCCUPATION: Shawnee Leader                                                               
DIED: October 5, 1813, Battle of the Thames                                             
Tecumseh's father, Pucksinwa, was killed at the Battle of Point Pleasant in 1774.       
By 1808, Tecumseh was a Shawnee chief. He led his people to a settlement on the         
Wabash River near the mouth of the Tippecanoe.                                           
Early on in his life, he had developed a strong anger towards European                   
encroachment. Tecumseh argued that no sale of land to whites was really valid           
without consent from ALL tribes. This argument was based on the language of the         
Greenville Treaty of 1795. With the assistance of his brother Tenskwatawa (The           
Prophet), he had some success in uniting various tribes against U.S. expansion.         
He also had the support of the British in Canada. On November 7, 1811,                   
Tenskwatawa and his followers were defeated at the Battle at Tippecanoe.                 
Tecumseh had warned his brother to avoid conflict until the their forces were           
strong and united, but to no avail. The confederation of tribes started to fall         
apart after this defeat.                                                                 
During the War of 1812, Tecumseh closely aligned himself with the British. He           
actually attained the rank of brigadier general in the British army. His forces         
assisted with capture of Detroit and fought at Fort Meigs, Fort Stephenson, and         
Brownstown. Although an enemy of frontier Americans, Tecumseh was widely                 
respected for his honor in battle and the mercy he showed towards his captives.         
American naval victories on Lake Erie under Admiral Oliver Hazard forced a               
general retreat of British forces. Tecumseh chose to cover the retreat and was           
killed at the Battle of the Thames.                                                     
The Shawnee peoples were forced to relocate west of the Mississippi River in