PRINCE RAINIER III Biography - Royalty, Rulers & leaders


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Name: Rainier Louis Henri Maxence Bertrand Grimaldi                                 
Born: 31 May 1923 Monaco                                                           
Died: 6 April 2005 Monaco                                                           
Rainier III, Prince of Monaco (Rainier Louis Henri Maxence Bertrand Grimaldi; 31   
May 1923 - 6 April 2005), styled His Serene Highness The Sovereign Prince of       
Monaco, ruled the Principality of Monaco for almost fifty-six years, making him     
one of the longest ruling monarchs of the 20th century. Though he was best known   
outside of Europe for having married American actress Grace Kelly, he was also     
responsible for reforms to Monaco's constitution and for expanding the             
principality's economy beyond its traditional gambling base. Gambling accounts     
for approximately three percent of the nation's annual revenue today; when         
Rainier ascended the throne in 1949, it accounted for more than 95 percent.         
Before his death, he was the world's second-longest reigning monarch with his 56   
years of reign.