RISHABHA Biography - Religious Figures & Icons


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Rishabha, also known as Virshabha, the first Jain Tirthankar, was born at Ayodhya. He was the son of King Nabhi and Queen Merudevi. His symbol is a bull.


According to the legend, he taught his daughter the 18 major Brahami scripts. More importantly, this became the precursor of modern Indo-Aryan languages.


The legend also has it that he lived eight and a half million years purvasa. Later, he relinquished his kingdom and became an ascetic. The hill of Satrunnjaya at Palitana near Gulf of Combay is dedicated to him. All the huge temples built there contain marble images representing him. Along with it, the temples also display the lives related to other Tirthankars. The temple is unique for its magnificent craftsmanship, sculpture and carvings. He was buried in Gujarat after his death.