GURU HAR RAI JI Biography - Religious Figures & Icons


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The seventh Guru of the Sikh faith, Guru Har Rai Ji, the son of Baba Gurditta, was born on January 16, 1630, at Kiratpur in the Ropar district of the Punjab. In 1640, he was married to Sulakkhai, daughter of Daya Ram of Anupshahar, in Bulandsahar district of Uttar Pradesh.


Guru Har Rai Ji was nominated by Guru Hargobindji as his successor on March 3,1644. He established three important preaching missions called bakhshishes to propagate Guru Nanak’s teachings- first was that of Bhagvan Gir, who established missionary centres in Eastern India; the second was that of Sangatta, who preached in Rajasthan and Southern Punjab; the third was that of Bhai Gonda to Kabul, Bhai Natha to Dhaka, Bhai Jodh to Multan.


The Guru kept the daily practice of his predecessors. The institution of langar, community eating, continued to flourish. He did not compose any hymns of his own, but quoted those of his predecessors in his discourses. He also sent Bhat Gonda to Kabul, Bhia Natha to Dhaka and Bhai Jodh to Multan to preach the teachings of the Gurus. He passed away on October 6,1661.