SPENCER ABRAHAM Biography - Polititians


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Name: Edward Spencer Abraham                                                               
Born: 12 June 1952 East Lansing, Michigan                                                 
Edward Spencer Abraham (born June 12, 1952 in East Lansing, Michigan) is a                 
former United States Senator from Michigan. He had served as the 10th United               
States Secretary of Energy, serving under President George W. Bush. He was a               
member of the Fred Thompson presidential campaign, serving as an "ambassador to           
official Washington." He is of Lebanese descent.                                           
Spencer Abraham and his wife, Jane (current co-chairwoman of the Michigan                 
Republican Party), have three children, a son and twin girls- Betsy and Julie,             
who currently attend Langley High School in Mclean. He holds a Juris Doctor (J.D.)         
degree from Harvard University, and is a 1974 Honors College graduate of                   
Michigan State University and is a native of East Lansing, Michigan. While at             
Harvard Law School, Abraham founded the official journal of the Federalist                 
Society, the Harvard Journal of Law & Public Policy.                                       
Before his election to the Senate, Abraham was a law professor at Thomas M.               
Cooley Law School.                                                                         
He was elected chairman of the Michigan Republican Party from 1983 to 1990. He             
was deputy chief of staff for Vice President Dan Quayle from 1990 to 1991. He             
later served as co-chairman of the National Republican Congressional Committee (NRCC)     
from 1991 to 1993.                                                                         
Abraham was elected to represent Michigan in the United States Senate in 1995,             
and served until to 2001 when he was defeated for reelection to the Senate in             
2000 for a second term by Debbie Stabenow. He was the only Arab American in that           
chamber. According to the New York Times, State Republicans attributed the loss           
(defeat by Debbie Stabenow) to "often scathing advertisements by a wide range of           
special interest groups, including advertisements that criticized Mr. Abraham's           
support for a relaxation of some immigration restrictions". During the                     
campaign the Federation for American Immigration Reform ran ads asking: "Why is           
Senator Spencer Abraham trying to make it easier for terrorists like Osama bin             
Laden to export their war of terror to any city street in America?".                       
The media denounced these commercials as "vengeful". Abraham was a                         
consistent advocate of large-scale immigration and worked relentlessly to lessen           
immigration controls and regulations. In 1997 he received the "Defender of the             
Melting Pot" award from the National Council of La Raza.                                   
He served on the Budget, Commerce, Science and Transportation, Judiciary, and             
Small Business Committees. He also chaired two subcommittees: Manufacturing and           
Competitiveness, and Immigration. Abraham authored the "H1B Visa in Global and             
National Commerce Act", establishing a federal framework for on-line contracts             
and signatures; the "Government Paperwork Elimination Act", and the "Anti-Cybersquatting   
Consumer Protection Act", which protects Internet domain names for businesses             
and persons against copyright and trademark infringements. In 1999, Sen. Abraham           
co-sponsored S.896, A bill to abolish the Department of Energy, which would have           
transferred control of the The Strategic Petroleum Reserve to the Defense                 
Abraham was appointed Secretary of Energy by the incoming Bush administration, a           
post he maintained for the first Bush term. On November 15, 2004, Abraham                 
announced that he would resign from the position of Secretary of Energy, which             
took effect with the swearing in of his successor Samuel W. Bodman on February 1,         
On February 14, 2005 The Toronto Star reported that Abraham was on a short list           
of candidates for American ambassador to Canada to replace Paul Cellucci.                 
In July 2005, Abraham's wife, Jane, announced that after some consideration she           
would not be a candidate for the U.S. Senate to challenge Debbie Stabenow.                 
Michigan Republicans had attempted to recruit Mrs. Abraham to run against the             
first-term Stabenow, who had defeated her husband in 2000.                                 
Hon. Spencer Abraham, U.S. Secretary of Energy, received "The National Order               
of the Cedar" from Lebanese Ambassador Farid Abboud