NICOLAE CEAUSESCU Biography - Polititians


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Name: Nicolae Ceausescu                                                                       
Born: 26 January 1918 Scorniceşti, Olt, Romania                                               
Died. 25 December 1989 Târgovişte, Dâmboviţa, Romania                                     
Nicolae Ceausescu (January 26, 1918–December 25, 1989)                                       
was the leader of Romania from 1965 until December 1989, when a                               
revolution and coup removed him from power. The revolutionaries held a two-hour               
trial and sentenced him to death for crimes against the state, genocide, and "undermining     
the national economy." The hasty trial has been criticized as a kangaroo                       
court. His subsequent execution marked the final act of the Revolutions                       
of 1989.                                                                                       
Born in the village of Scorniceşti, Olt County, Ceausescu moved to Bucharest at               
the age of 11 to become a shoemaker's apprentice. (See Ceausescu family for                   
descriptions of his parents and siblings.) He joined the then-illegal Communist               
Party of Romania in early 1932 and was first arrested, in 1933, for agitating                 
during a strike. He was arrested again, in 1934, first for collecting signatures               
on a petition protesting the trial of railway workers and twice more for other                 
similar activities. These arrests earned him the description "dangerous                       
communist agitator" and "active distributor of communist and anti-fascist                     
propaganda" on his police record. He then went underground, but was captured and               
imprisoned in 1936 for two years at Doftana Prison for anti-fascist activities.               
While out of jail in 1939, he met Elena Petrescu (they married in 1946) —she                 
would play an increasing role in his political life over the decades. He was                   
arrested and imprisoned again in 1940. In 1943, he was transferred to Târgu Jiu               
internment camp where he shared a cell with Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej, becoming his               
protégé. After World War II, when Romania was beginning to fall under Soviet                 
influence, he served as secretary of the Union of Communist Youth (1944–1945).               
After the Communists seized power in Romania in 1947, he headed the ministry of               
agriculture, then served as deputy minister of the armed forces under Gheorghe                 
Gheorghiu-Dej's Stalinist reign. In 1952, Gheorghiu-Dej brought him onto the                   
Central Committee months after the party's "Muscovite faction" led by Ana Pauker               
had been purged. In 1954, he became a full member of the Politburo and                         
eventually rose to occupy the second-highest position in the party hierarchy.