MUSTAFA KEMAL ATATüRK Biography - Polititians


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Name: Mustafa Kemal Atatürk                                                           
Born: 19 May 1881 Selânik (Thessaloniki)                                             
Died: 10 November 1938 Dolmabahçe Palace, Ä°stanbul                                 
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (born Ali Rıza oÄŸlu Mustafa on May 19, 1881 {date             
postulated} – November 10, 1938) was an army officer, revolutionary statesman,     
and founder of the Republic of Turkey as well as its first President.                 
Mustafa Kemal established himself as a successful and extremely capable military     
commander while serving as a division commander at the Battle of Gallipoli. He       
later fought with distinction on the eastern Anatolian and Palestinian fronts,       
making a name for himself during World War I. Following the defeat of the             
Ottoman Empire at the hands of the Allies, and the subsequent plans for its           
partition, Mustafa Kemal led the Turkish national movement in what would become       
the Turkish War of Independence. Having established a provisional government in       
Ankara, he defeated the forces sent by the Entente powers. His successful             
military campaigns led to the liberation of the country and to the establishment     
of the Republic of Turkey.                                                           
As the first President of Turkey, Atatürk embarked upon a major programme of         
political, economic and cultural reforms. An admirer of the Enlightenment,           
Atatürk sought to transform the ruins of the Ottoman Empire into a modern,           
democratic, secular, nation-state. The principles of Atatürk's reforms are often     
referred to as Kemalism and continue to form the political foundation of the         
modern Turkish state.