FREDERICK CATHERWOOD Biography - Pioneers, Explorers & inventors


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  British architect, painter, drawer and illustrator Frederick Catherwood (1799-1854)
  studied architecture in London from 1815 to 1820, before in 1821 upon invitation   
  of Joseph Severn he went to Rome, where he contributed to the excavation of       
  ancient monuments. During the following years his numerous travels took him to     
  Sicily, Greece, Egypt and Palestine. From 1836 to 1839 Catherwood worked as an     
  architect in New York, later, in 1839-40 and 1841-42, he joined the expeditions   
  of lawyer and archaeologist John Lloyd Stephens to Mexico and Guatemala, which     
  were to be honored as pioneer achievements contributing to the exploration of     
  Maya culture. During these expeditions Catherwood used a camera obscura to         
  produce exact and detailed drawings, which later provided the illustrations for   
  Stephen's scientific reports ('Incidents of Travel in Central America, Chiapas     
  and Yucatan', 1841 and 'Incidents of Travel in Yucatan', 1843). In 1844           
  Catherwood himself published the complex book 'Views of Ancient Monuments', for   
  which the greatest lithographers of the time reproduced a series of selected       
  drawings, which for the first time conveyed an idea of the size and monumental     
  nature of the sunken culture.