THOMAS NAST Biography - Other artists & entretainers


Biography » other artists entretainers » thomas nast


Name: Thomas Nast                                                                   
Born: 27 September 1840 Landau, Germany                                             
Died: 7 December 1902 Guayaquil, Ecuador                                           
Thomas Nast (September 27, 1840 - December 7, 1902) was a famous German-American   
caricaturist and editorial cartoonist in the 19th century and is considered to     
be the father of American political cartooning.                                     
He was born in the barracks of Landau, Germany (in the Rhine Palatinate), the       
son of a musician in the 9th regiment Bavarian band. His mother took him to New     
York in 1846. He studied art there for about a year with Alfred Fredericks and     
Theodore Kaufmann and at the school of the National Academy of Design. After       
school (at the age of 15), he started working in 1855 as a draftsman for Frank     
Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper; three years afterwards for Harper's Weekly.         
Nast drew for Harper's Weekly from 1859 to 1860 and from 1862 until 1886. In       
February 1860 he went to England for the New York Illustrated News to depict one   
of the major sporting events of the era, the prize fight between the American       
John C. Heenan and the English Thomas Sayers. A few months later, as artist         
for The Illustrated London News, he joined Garibaldi in Italy. Nast's cartoons     
and articles about the Garibaldi military campaign to unify Italy captured the     
popular imagination in the U.S. In 1861, he married Sarah Edwards, whom he had     
met two years earlier.                                                             
His first serious works in caricature was the cartoon "Peace," (made in 1862)       
directed against those in the North who opposed the prosecution of the American     
Civil War. This and his other cartoons during the Civil War and Reconstruction     
days were published in Harper's Weekly. He was known for drawing battlefields in   
border and southern states. These attracted great attention, and Nast was called   
by President Abraham Lincoln "our best recruiting sergeant". Later, Nast           
strongly opposed President Andrew Johnson and his Reconstruction policy.           
The "Brains"                                                                       
The Boss. "Well, what are you going to do about it?"                               
by Thomas Nast                                                                     
Wood engraving published in Harper's Weekly newspaper                               
October 21, 1871