GEORGE C. MARSHALL Biography - Military related figures


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Name: George C. Marshall                                                           
Born: 31 December 1880 Uniontown, Pennsylvania                                     
Died: 16 October 1959 Washington, D.C.                                             
George Catlett Marshall, Jr. (December 31, 1880 - October 16, 1959) was an         
American military leader, Secretary of State, and the third Secretary of Defense.   
Once noted as the "organizer of victory" by Winston Churchill for his leadership   
of the Allied victory in World War II, Marshall supervised the U.S. Army           
during the war and was the chief military adviser to President Franklin D.         
Roosevelt. As Secretary of State he gave his name to the Marshall Plan, for         
which he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1953.                                 
George C. Marshall was born into a middle-class family in Uniontown,               
Pennsylvania. Marshall was a scion of an old Virginia family, as well as a         
distant relative of former Chief Justice John Marshall. Marshall graduated from     
the Virginia Military Institute (VMI), where he was initiated into the Kappa       
Alpha Order, in 1901.                                                               
Following graduation from VMI, Marshall was commissioned a Second Lieutenant in     
the U.S. Army. Until World War I, he was posted to various positions in the US     
and the Philippines, and was trained in modern warfare. During the war, he had     
roles as a planner of both training and operations. He went to France in the       
summer of 1917 as the director of training and planning for the 1st Infantry       
Division. In mid-1918, he was promoted to American Expeditionary Forces             
headquarters, where he worked closely with his mentor General John J. Pershing     
and was a key planner of American operations. He was instrumental in the design     
and coordination of the Meuse-Argonne offensive, which contributed to the defeat   
of the German Army on the Western Front.