JACKIE ROBINSON Biography - Famous Sports men and women


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Name: Jackie Robinson                                                                   
Born: 31 January 1919 Cairo, Georgia                                                     
Died: 24 October 1972 Stamford, Connecticut                                             
Jack Roosevelt "Jackie" Robinson (January 31, 1919 – October 24, 1972) became         
the first African-American major league baseball player of the modern era in             
1947. While not the first African American professional baseball player in               
United States history, his Major League debut with the Brooklyn Dodgers ended           
approximately eighty years of baseball segregation, also known as the baseball           
color line. In the United States at this time, many white people believed that           
blacks and whites should be segregated or kept apart in many phases of life,             
including sports and daily life. The Baseball Hall of Fame inducted Robinson in         
1962 and he was a member of six World Series teams. He earned six consecutive           
All-Star Game nominations and won several awards during his career. In 1947,             
Robinson won The Sporting News Rookie of the Year Award and the first Rookie of         
the Year Award. Two years later, he was awarded the National League MVP Award.           
In addition to his accomplishments on the field, Jackie Robinson was also a             
forerunner of the Civil Rights Movement. He was a key figure in the                     
establishment and growth of the Freedom Bank, an African-American owned and             
controlled entity, in the 1960s. He also wrote a syndicated newspaper column for         
a number of years, in which he was an outspoken supporter of Martin Luther King         
Jr. and Malcolm X.                                                                       
Robinson engaged in political campaigning for a number of politicians, including         
the Democrat Hubert Humphrey and the Republican Richard Nixon.                           
In recognition of his accomplishments, Robinson was posthumously awarded a               
Congressional Gold Medal and the Presidential Medal of Freedom.                         
On April 15, 1997, the 50 year anniversary of his debut, Major League Baseball           
retired the number 42, the number Robinson wore, in recognition of his                   
accomplishments both on and off the field in a ceremony at Shea Stadium. In             
1950, he was the subject of a film biography, The Jackie Robinson Story, in             
which he played himself. He became a political activist in his post-playing days.       
In 1946, Robinson married Rachel Annetta Isum. In 1973, after Jackie died,               
Rachel founded the Jackie Robinson Foundation.