SHANNON LUCID Biography - Famous Scientists


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Born January 14, 1943, in Shanghai, China, but considers Bethany,                         
Oklahoma, to be her hometown. Married to Michael F. Lucid of Indianapolis,                 
Indiana. They have two daughters and one son, and five granddaughters. Shannon             
enjoys flying, camping, hiking, and reading. Her parents, Mr. and Mrs. Joseph O.           
Wells, are deceased.                                                                       
Graduated from Bethany High School, Bethany, Oklahoma, in 1960;                           
received a bachelor of science degree in chemistry from the University of                 
Oklahoma in 1963, and master of science and doctor of philosophy degrees in               
biochemistry from the University of Oklahoma in 1970 and 1973, respectively.               
Dr. Lucid?s experience includes a variety of academic assignments,                         
such as teaching assistant at the University of Oklahoma?s Department of                   
Chemistry from 1963 to 1964; senior laboratory technician at the Oklahoma                 
Medical Research Foundation from 1964 to 1966; chemist at Kerr-McGee, Oklahoma             
City, Oklahoma, 1966 to 1968; graduate assistant at the University of Oklahoma             
Health Science Center?s Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology from             
1969 to 1973; and research associate with the Oklahoma Medical Research                   
Foundation in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, from 1974 until her selection to the               
astronaut candidate training program.                                                     
Selected by NASA in January 1978, Dr. Lucid became an astronaut                           
in August 1979. She is qualified for assignment as a mission specialist on Space           
Shuttle flight crews. Some of her technical assignments have included: the                 
Shuttle Avionics Integration Laboratory (SAIL); the Flight Software Laboratory,           
in Downey, California, working with the rendezvous and proximity operations               
group; Astronaut Office interface at Kennedy Space Center, Florida,                       
participating in payload testing, Shuttle testing, and launch countdowns;                 
spacecraft communicator (CAPCOM) in the JSC Mission Control Center during                 
numerous Space Shuttle missions; Chief of Mission Support; Chief of Astronaut             
Appearances. A veteran of five space flights, Dr. Lucid has logged 5,354 hours (223       
days) in space. She served as a mission specialist on STS-51G (June 17-24, 1985),         
STS-34 (October 18-23, 1989), STS-43 (August 2-11, 1991), STS-58 (October 18 to           
November 1, 1993), and as a Board Engineer 2 on Russia?s Space Station Mir (launching     
March 22, 1996 aboard STS-76 and returning September 26, 1996 aboard STS-79). Dr.         
Lucid was the first woman to hold an international record for the most flight             
hours in orbit by any non-Russian, and until June 2007 she also held the record           
for the most flight hours in orbit by any woman in the world. From February 2002           
until September 2003, Dr. Lucid served as NASA?s Chief Scientist stationed at             
NASA Headquarters, Washington D.C., with responsibility for developing and                 
communicating the agency?s science and research objectives to the outside world.           
Dr. Lucid has resumed duties at the Johnson Space Center, Houston.                         
SPACE FLIGHT EXPERIENCE: STS-51G Discovery (June 17-24, 1985) was a 7-day                 
mission during which crew deployed communications satellites for Mexico (Morelos),         
the Arab League (Arabsat), and the United States (AT&T Telstar). They used the             
Remote Manipulator System (RMS) to deploy and later retrieve the SPARTAN                   
satellite, which performed 17 hours of x-ray astronomy experiments while                   
separated from the Space Shuttle. In addition, the crew activated the Automated           
Directional Solidification Furnace (ADSF), six Getaway Specials, and                       
participated in biomedical experiments. The mission was accomplished in 112               
orbits of the Earth, traveling 2.5 million miles in 169 hours and 39 minutes.             
Landing was at Edwards Air Force Base (EAFB), California.                                 
STS-34 Atlantis (October 18-23, 1989) was a 5-day mission during which the                 
deployed the Galileo spacecraft on its journey to explore Jupiter, operated the           
Shuttle Solar Backscatter Ultraviolet Instrument (SSBUV) to map atmospheric               
ozone, and performed numerous secondary experiments involving radiation                   
measurements, polymer morphology, lightning research, microgravity effects on             
plants, and a student experiment on ice crystal growth in space. The mission was           
accomplished in 79 orbits of the Earth, traveling 1.8 million miles in 119 hours           
and 41 minutes. Landing was at Edwards Air Force Base, California.                         
STS-43 Atlantis (August 2-11, 1991) was a nine-day mission during which the crew           
deployed the fifth Tracking and Data Relay Satellite (TDRS-E). The crew also               
conducted 32 physical, material, and life science experiments, mostly relating             
to the Extended Duration Orbiter and Space Station Freedom. The mission was               
accomplished in 142 orbits of the Earth, traveling 3.7 million miles in 213               
hours, 21 minutes, 25 seconds. STS-43 Atlantis was the eighth Space Shuttle to             
land at KSC).                                                                             
STS-58 Columbia (October 18 to November 1, 1993). This record duration fourteen-day       
mission was recognized by NASA management as the most successful and efficient             
Spacelab flight flown by NASA. The STS-58 crew performed neurovestibular,                 
cardiovascular, cardiopulmonary, metabolic, and musculoskeletal medical                   
experiments on themselves and 48 rats, expanding our knowledge of human and               
animal physiology both on earth and in space flight. In addition, they performed           
16 engineering tests aboard the Orbiter Columbia and 20 Extended Duration                 
Orbiter Medical Project experiments. The mission was accomplished in 225 orbits           
of the Earth, traveling 5.8 million miles in 336 hours, 13 minutes, 01 seconds.           
Landing was at Edwards Air Force Base, California. In completing this flight Dr.           
Lucid logged 838 hours, 54 minutes in space .                                             
Dr. Lucid currently holds the United States single mission space flight                   
endurance record on the Russian Space Station Mir. Following a year of training           
in Star City, Russia, her journey started with liftoff at Kennedy Space Center,           
Florida, on March 22, 1996 aboard STS-76 Atlantis. Following docking, she                 
transferred to the Mir Space Station. Assigned as a Board Engineer 2, she                 
performed numerous life science and physical science experiments during the               
course of her stay aboard Mir. Her return journey to KSC was made aboard STS-79           
Atlantis on September 26, 1996. In completing this mission Dr. Lucid traveled 75.2         
million miles in 188 days, 04 hours, 00 minutes, 14 seconds.