NATHANIEL CURRIER Biography - Famous Scientists


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Nathaniel Currier                                                                   
Birth Year : 1813                                                                   
Death Year : 1895                                                                   
Country : US                                                                         
The lithographic process of printing from a specially prepared stone was             
discovered by accident in Munich in 1796 and was introduced to the United States     
by Pendleton thirty years later. Nathaniel Currier was apprenticed to this first     
American lithographer at about the age of eighteen. Currier went into the           
printing business for himself in 1834 and a few years later saw the                 
possibilities of using lithographed pictures for the news media. His first three     
important prints recorded fires, the third showing the 1840 fire on the             
steamboat Lexington. However, it was not until 1857, when Currier took James         
Ives as a partner, that the real flood of over 5,000 prints began and the           
coverage was extended to include news, sports, transportation, patriotic,           
juvenile, landscape, and genre subjects. Three new prints appeared each week         
until about 1875 when the appearance of illustrated magazines and news photos by     
daguerreotype put the partners out of business.                                     
Based upon original drawings, watercolors, and oil paintings, the folios of art     
prints reached a level of excellence far beyond that of any of the firm's           
competitors. Carefully applied color, fine drawing, solid composition, and           
lively, interesting subjects distinguished these Currier and Ives productions.