FRANCIS CRICK Biography - Famous Scientists


Biography » famous scientists » francis crick


Francis Harry Compton Crick                                                                       
Born 8 June 1916                                                                                   
Weston Favell, Northamptonshire, England                                                           
Died 28 July 2004 (aged 88)                                                                       
San Diego, California, U.S.                                                                       
Residence UK, U.S.                                                                                 
Nationality British                                                                               
Field molecular biologist, physicist                                                               
Institutions Salk Institute                                                                       
Alma mater University College London                                                               
University of Cambridge                                                                           
Academic advisor  Max Perutz                                                                       
Notable students  none                                                                             
Known for DNA structure, consciousness                                                             
Notable prizes Nobel Prize (1962)                                                                 
Religious stance None                                                                             
Francis Harry Compton Crick OM FRS (8 June 1916 - 28 July 2004), (Ph.D.,                           
Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge, 1953) was an English molecular biologist,                   
physicist, and neuroscientist, who is most noted for being one of the co-discoverers               
of the structure of the DNA molecule in 1953. He, James D. Watson, and Maurice                     
Wilkins were jointly awarded the 1962 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine "for                 
their discoveries concerning the molecular structure of nucleic acids and its                     
significance for information transfer in living material".                                         
His later work, until 1977, at the MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, has not                   
received as much formal recognition. Crick is widely known for use of the term “central         
dogma” to summarize an idea that genetic information flow in cells is                           
essentially one-way, from DNA to RNA to protein. Crick was an important                           
theoretical molecular biologist and played an important role in research related                   
to revealing the genetic code.                                                                     
During the remainder of his career, he held the post of J.W. Kieckhefer                           
Distinguished Research Professor at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies in                   
La Jolla, California. His later research centered on theoretical neurobiology                     
and attempts to advance the scientific study of human consciousness. He remained                   
in this post until his death; "he was editing a manuscript on his death bed, a                     
scientist until the bitter end" said his close associate Christof Koch.