JACK RUBY Biography - Crimes, Laws and people


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Name: Jack Leon Ruby                                                                 
Born March 25, 1911 Chicago, Illinois, USA                                           
Died: January 3, 1967 Dallas, Texas, USA                                             
Jacob Rubenstein (March 25, 1911 - January 3, 1967), who legally changed his         
name to Jack Leon Ruby in 1947, was a businessman and nightclub owner from           
Dallas, Texas. He was convicted on March 14, 1964 for the murder of Lee Harvey       
Oswald on November 24, 1963, two days after Oswald was arrested for the             
assassination of President John F. Kennedy. He successfully appealed his             
conviction and sentence of death. As a date for his new trial was being set,         
he became ill and died.                                                             
Jack Ruby was born Jacob Rubenstein to Joseph Rubenstein (1871-1958) and Fannie     
Turek Rutkowski (or Rokowsky) in Chicago, in 1911, both Polish-born, Orthodox       
A number of writers have suspected Jack Ruby of being linked to organized crime,     
and some have gone on to hypothesize that his alleged links to organized crime       
were evidence of conspiracy to kill Lee Harvey Oswald and/or John F. Kennedy.       
The House Select Committee on Assassinations said that Jack Ruby knew               
restaurateurs Sam (1920-1970) and Joseph Campisi (1918-1990) since 1947, and had     
been seen with them on many occasions. After an investigation of Joe Campisi,       
the HSCA found,                                                                     
While Campisi's technical characterization in Federal law enforcement records as     
an organized crime member has ranged from definite to suspected to negative, it     
is clear that he was an associate or friend of many Dallas-based organized crime     
members, particularly Joseph Civello during the time he was the head of the         
Dallas organization. There was no indication that Campisi had engaged in any         
specific organized crime-related activities.                                         
Similarly, a PBS Frontline investigation into the connections between Ruby and       
Dallas organized crime figures reported the following:                               
In 1963, Sam and Joe Campisi were leading figures in the Dallas underworld. Jack     
knew the Campisis and had been seen with them on many occasions. The Campisis       
were lieutenants of Carlos Marcello, the Mafia boss who had reportedly talked of     
killing the President.                                                               
A day before Kennedy was murdered, Ruby went to Joe Campisi's restaurant. At         
the time of the Kennedy assassination, Ruby was close enough to the Campisis to     
ask them to come see him after he was arrested for shooting Lee Oswald.             
Some writers, including former Los Angeles District Attorney Vincent Buglosi,       
dismiss Ruby's connections to organized crime as hearsay:                           
It is very noteworthy that without exception, not one of these conspiracy           
theorists knew or had ever met Jack Ruby. Without our even resorting to his         
family and roommate, all of whom think the suggestion of Ruby being connected to     
the mob is ridiculous, those who knew him, unamimously and without exception,       
think the notion of his being connected to the Mafia, and then killing Oswald       
for them, is nothing short of laughable.                                             
About an hour after President Kennedy was shot, an acquaintance of Jack Ruby,       
former Dallas news reporter, Seth Kantor said that Ruby approached him at           
Parkland Hospital where President Kennedy was being treated for his wounds.         
Kantor, a Washington correspondent, testified to the Warren Commission that Ruby     
came up to him and remarked, "Isn't this a terrible thing..." and that Ruby         
asked him, "Should I close my places for the next 3 nights?..."When the             
Warren Commission questioned Ruby about his presence at Parkland, he denied         
being there, and the Commission concluded that "Kantor probably did not see Ruby     
in Parkland Hospital." However, in 1979, the House Select Committee on               
Assassinations arrived at a different conclusion declaring: "While the Warren       
Commission concluded that Kantor was mistaken, the Committee determined he           
probably was not."