JUDY GARLAND Biography - Actors and Actresses


Biography » actors and actresses » judy garland


Born: Dorchester, Massachusetts, USA, 1904                                           
Died: Los Angeles, California, USA, 1987                                             
American actor/dancer Ray Bolger grew up in a middle-class Boston neighborhood       
called Dorchester. The son of a house painter, Bolger knew what he wanted to do       
in life the moment he saw Broadway entertainer Fred Stone literally bounce on         
stage in a Boston production of Jack O'Lantern. "That moment opened up a whole       
new world for me" Bolger would remember; after a relatively aimless childhood,       
he determined to become a performer himself.                                         
Starting out in vaudeville as a dancer, Bolger developed a loose-limbed ad lib       
style that would win him starring spots in such 1930s Broadway musicals as Life       
Begins at 8:40 and On Your Toes; in the latter, Bolger introduced Richard             
Rodgers' Slaughter on Tenth Avenue.                                                   
Signed by MGM in 1936 for a featured solo in The Great Ziegfeld, Bolger was           
given a $3,000 per week contract and was expected to take whatever part was           
assigned him. But Bolger balked when he was cast as the Tin Man in the studio's       
Wizard of Oz. He felt the role was too confining for his talents, so Bolger           
convinced the film's Scarecrow, Buddy Ebsen, to switch parts with him. This move,     
of course, assured film immortality for Bolger, but wasn't so beneficial for         
Ebsen, whose allergic reaction to the Tin Man's silver makeup forced him to drop     
out of the film and be replaced by Jack Haley.